Lessons from a false alarm
On Saturday, January 13, 2018, the Hawaii Emergency Management Agency issued an alert warning of an imminent missile attack. It was a false alarm, but many residents, and the media, received the text message. Given the saber rattling regarding North Korean missile tests, the alert seemed credible. Certainly the fear it generated was real.
There are lessons to be learned (and hopefully acted upon) from this incident. Ralph Hutchinson, an advocate for abolishing nuclear weapons, discusses this incident in the context of our national nuclear weapons policy. His lessons and insights are excellent and I share them here.
FALSE ALARM? HAWAII AND THE NUCLEAR POSTURE REVIEW
Ralph Hutchinson, Coordinator of The Oak Ridge Environmental Peace Alliance
The day after the Trump Administration’s draft Nuclear Posture Review was leaked to the public via the Huffington Post, Hawaiians across the islands stared in horror at their cell phones:
BALLISTIC MISSILE THREAT INBOUND TO
HAWAII. SEEK IMMEDIATE SHELTER. THIS IS
NOT A DRILL.”
It took 38 minutes for the state of Hawaii to issue the “False Alarm” message. Later, talking to CNN, the Governor said, “Like everyone else, I woke up to the message.” He meant literally, as the alert went out at 8:00am.
The question is whether the message does, in fact, wake people up. Those minutes of terror and tears in Hawaii is a grim reminder that we all, every one of us, live on the edge of the end of life for us and everyone we love. THAT’S LESSON ONE – THE NUCLEAR THREAT IS REAL, IT PROMISES DEATH TO ENTIRE POPULATIONS, it could happen at any second, and it gives you twenty-thirty minutes, at most, to say your good-byes.
THE SECOND LESSON IS NO LESS FRIGHTENING. The message was a result of human error. In this case, the error was in the public alert system. THERE ARE LITERALLY DOZENS AND DOZENS OF WAYS HUMAN ERRORS COULD LEAD TO AN ACTUAL NUCLEAR DISASTER.
For the same reasons we don’t generally contemplate the ever-present nuclear threat, we also don’t know about the many near misses, times in the last thirty years when one country or another almost launched nuclear war due to human error, communication glitches, or other flaws in the system.
And then THERE IS A THIRD LESSON that goes to the deep denial and ignorance our current nuclear policy depends on. Following the false alarm, a Senator appears on TV to remind people that if there is ever a real attack, they should shelter in place. IN REALITY, IT MATTERS LITTLE WHAT YOU DO IF THERE IS AN ATTACK. If it makes you feel better to shelter in place, go for it. Just be aware that if the bomb detonates within a few miles of you, the place you shelter in will likely be vaporized, and a millisecond later, you will, too. It sounds horrible, but with any luck, you won’t ever know it. I say “with any luck,” because, as has been said before, IN THE CASE OF NUCLEAR WAR, THE SURVIVORS WILL ENVY THE DEAD. This is not exaggeration or hyperbole.
The irony writ large is this. The Nuclear Posture Review, prepared for Donald Trump’s signature, is the document that captures our official nuclear policy and outlines plans for the US nuclear weapons complex, our stockpile, and our delivery systems in the decade to come. In this case, it warns Congress that billions of dollars will be required to carry out Trump’s vision of more nuclear weapons, new design nuclear weapons, new nuclear bomb plants. IN SHORT, THE DRAFT NUCLEAR POSTURE REVIEW ADOPTS A THREATENING AND BELLIGERENT POSTURE, ONE THAT INCREASES THE RISK OF A BALLISTIC MISSILE ATTACK FOR EVERY ONE OF US.
The Nuclear Posture Review is striking in its capacity to completely ignore the impact of US nuclear policy on the behavior of other countries, allies and enemies alike. The document cites activities in North Korea, China, and Russia as though they have made decisions in a vacuum. It ignores the fact that virtually every one of their actions is actually a reaction to the US $1.2 trillion plan to modernize its nuclear weapons, infrastructure, and delivery systems.
There is a clear and direct correlation between the false alarm in Hawaii and the release of the Nuclear Posture Review. The Nuclear Posture Review does not just describe the world we live in, it forms that world. In this case, the Trump Administration continues and escalates bipartisan efforts to expand US nuclear capacity.
There is a clear and compelling relationship between the Nuclear Posture Review and the risk we all bear every day – a threat we choose not to think about, but that makes it no less real. An Intercontinental Ballistic Missile launched from Russia, or a Russian sub, will reach its target in thirty minutes or less. That’s the maximum notice you might have. A thermonuclear war will destroy not only cities and military bases, but will initiate a nuclear winter that will render the earth uninhabitable.
We don’t have to load that terrible, existential risk onto the shoulders of our children and grandchildren. We can insist that Congress and the Administration work together to craft a Nuclear Posture Review that reduces the nuclear threat, that pursues in good faith the obligation we assumed in 1969 to pursue complete [nuclear] disarmament, and that prepares for accepting the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.
ANOTHER WORLD IS POSSIBLE. HAWAII REMINDS ME THAT IT IS NECESSARY. As Beatrice Fihn, director of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons said as she accepted the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize,
“There will be an ending to the story of nuclear weapons. Either we end them, or they will end us.”
THE NUCLEAR POSTURE REVIEW SHOULD BE FAR MORE TERRIFYING TO US THAN THE HAWAIIAN FALSE ALARM. It is not a false alarm. The Nuclear Posture Review is a real and present danger. It escalates the risk for all of us and dooms future generations to live under the shadow of a mushroom cloud – one we have created ourselves.
In addition to Ralph’s list THERE IS ANOTHER LESSON. I BELIEVE WE NEED TO DO A BETTER JOB PICKING LEADERS. We can no longer afford to have presidents picked on the basis of sound bites, attack ads, and empty promises. There should be minimum qualifications for being President. There needs to be some evidence of competence. There has to be a process that brings the best to the top.
The current occupant makes the mediocre presidents of the past look like great statesman. He has a proven record of ignorance, arrogance, erratic behavior, and bad judgment. He thinks because we have nuclear weapons we should be able to use them. He recently said, like some insecure adolescent, that his “button” was bigger. WE ARE LUCKY HE WAS GOLFING THAT DAY. THE FALSE ALARM COULD HAVE BEEN THE “PROVOCATION” FOR A 2ND KOREAN WAR. THAT IS TRULY FRIGHTENING.